Meet Your Pancreas

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The most fattening foods are the ones that have the greatest effect on our blood sugar and insulin levels. These are the concentrated sources of carbohydrates, and particularly these that we can digest quickly: anything made of refined flour (bread, cereals, pasta) and starches (potatoes, rice, corn). These foods flood the bloodstream quickly with glucose – blood sugar shoots up – insulin shots up – we get fatter.”

- G. Taubes

The Pancreas is an organ located under the stomach and tucked beside the first section of the small intestine called the Duodenum. It produces several important hormones, namely Insulin, Glucagon, and Somatostatin. It also secretes Pancreatic Juice into the Duodenum containing digestive enzymes which help further breakdown of chyme from the stomach to facilitate the absorption of nutrients into circulation.

 

- Inside the Pancreas are cells called The Islets of Langerhans which divided into five types based on what hormone they produce and secrete.

- Alpha cells produce Glucagon, promotes the release of glucose/increase glucose in the blood. (15–20% of total islet cells)

- Beta cells produce Insulin and Amylin, promote the storage of glucose/decrease glucose in the blood. (65–80%)

- Delta cells produce Somatostatin, regulates or stops Alpha or Beta cells (3–10%)

- PP cells produce Pancreatic Polypeptide, promotes self-regulation of Pancreatic activities. (3–5%)

- Epsilon cells produce Ghrelin, (in pancreas and stomach), which stimulates hunger. (<1%)
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